“CHANDRAYAAN“- Mission To Moon is the India’s lunar mission developed by Indian Research Organisation (ISRO) . So , now the question stands here ‘;
WHAT IS CHANDRAYAAN ?
WHAT IS THE MAIN OBJECTIVE OF THIS MISSION ?
WHAT KIND OF BENEFIT WILL ISRO HAVE FROM IT ? So first , lets start by knowing what exactly is chandrayaan ?
“CHANDRAYAAN”- Mission To Moon was India’s first misson to the moon. The name of Chandrayaan means ‘ Chandra’ means Moon and ‘Yaan’ means Vehicle ;In Indian languages ( Sanskrit and Hindi ) , the lunar spacecraft .
Chandrayaan-1 was operational for 312 days till August 29 , 2019
#Discoveries made by CHANDRAYAAN-1:-
It discovered traces of water on the moon and water on the moon and water ice in the north polar regien of the moon . It also detected magnesium , aluminium ans silicon on the lunar surface . Global imaging of the moon is another achievement of the mission .
What is Chandrayaan-2?
This is an Indian lunar mission that will explore the moon’s south polar region . the aim of the lunar mission is to improve our understanding of the moon discoveries that will benefit India and humanity as a whole .
CHANDRAYAAN-2 comprises of an orbiter , lander (vikram ) and rover ( pragyan ).
It is the second lunar exploration mission developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) after Chandrayaan-1. It consists of a lunar orbiter , the vikram lander , and the pragyan lunar rover , all of which were developed in India . The main scientific objective is to map the location and on going analysis from the orbiter cicling at a lunar polar orbit of 100*100 km .
“CHANDRAYAAN-2 mission explained”
The “CHANDRAYAAN”- Mission To Moon was launched to the moon from the second launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre on 22 july , 2019 at 2:43 PM IST (09:13 UTC ) by a Geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle mark III ( GSLV Mk III ) . The craft reached the moon’s orbit on 20 august , 2019 and began orbital positioning manoeuvres for the landing of the Vikram lander .
Vikram and the rover were scheduled to land on the near side of the moom , in the SOUTH POLAR REGION , at a latitude of about 70 degree south at approximately 1:50 am on 7 september , 2018 and conduct scientific experiments for one lunar day , lastimg two Earth weeks .
However , the lander deviated from its intended trajectory starting at 2.1 kilometers ( 1.3 mi ) altitude , and lost communication when touch down confirmation was expected . Iniyial reports suggesting a crasg have been confirmed by ISRO chairman K.Sivan , stating that the lander been found , and it must had been a hard landing .
The lander is found in a single piece though due to hard landing orientation has been titled therefore making pragyan rover to crawl out difficult . The orbiter , part of the mission with eight scientific instruments , remains operational and will continue its seven-years mission to study the moon .