The ‘me too’ Movement (#metoo) : A wave again sexual harassment and sexual assault of women . It is estimated that 35 per cent of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or sexual violence by a non-partner (not including sexual harassment) at some point in their lives.
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However, some national studies show that up to 70 per cent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime.
Evidence shows that women who have experienced physical or sexual intimate partner violence report higher rates of depression, having an abortion and acquiring HIV, compared to women who have not.
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Globally, one out of three students (aged 11 and 13 to 15 years) have been bullied by their peers at school at least on one day in the past month, with girls and boys equally likely to experience bullying.
Boys are more likely to experience physical bullying than girls, and girls are more likely to experience psychological bullying, particularly being ignored or left out or subject to nasty rumours.
Twenty-three per cent of female undergraduate university students reported having experienced sexual assault or sexual misconduct in a survey across 27 universities in the United States in 2015.
The Me Too Movement:
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The Me Too movement, with variations of related local or international names, is a movement against sexual harassment and sexual assault of women. The phrase “Me Too” was initially used in this context on social media in 2006, on Myspace, by sexual harassment survivor and activist Tarana Burke.
The Me Too movement in India is a manifestation of the international Me Too movement that began in late 2018 (and continues to the present day) in areas of Indian society including the government, the media, and the Bollywood film industry. In India, the Me Too movement is seen as either an independent outgrowth influenced by the international campaign against sexual harassment of women in the workplace, or an offshoot of the American “Me Too” social movement.
Me Too began gaining prominence in India with the increasing popularity of the international movement, and later gathered sharp momentum in October 2018 in the entertainment industry of Bollywood, centered in Mumbai, when actress Tanushree Dutta accused Nana Patekar of sexual harassment.This led to many women in the news media, Indian films, and even within the government to speak out and bring allegations of sexual harassment against a number of perpetrators.
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Sexual Assault Statistics:
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According to RAINN, millions of Americans have been affected by sexual violence. In particular:
The majority of sexual assault victims are younger people, with 54% of victims falling between 18 and 34 years of age.
Women and young girls are the most frequent victims of sexual violence; 82% of all juvenile victims of sexual assault are female, while 90% of adult rape victims are female.
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Transgender people (and especially students) suffer higher rates of sexual violence than their cisgender peers.
Although men are less likely to suffer from sexual violence, millions of men have still been victims of sexual assault. As of 1998, 2.78 million American men were victims of rape or attempted rape.
According to the National Women’s Law Center, black women experience sexual harassment in the workplace at nearly three times the rate of white women.
Sexual violence often stays with a victim for a long time after the actual incident. 94% of women who have been raped experienced post-traumatic stress disorder following the rape. Seventy percent of sexual assault victims experience moderate to severe distress, which is more than victims of any other violent crime.
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Male Sexual Assault:
Although men experience sexual harassment at much lower rates than women, male sexual assault is still very real. Sometimes sexual violence against men is ignored altogether and male victims of sexual assault are discouraged from reporting what has happened to them, for fear of being told they are unmasculine. Instead of shaming men who have been the victims of sexual violence, RAINN recommends listening seriously to the experiences of male victims, expressing your concern and love for them, and validating their experience.
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2018 saw the rise of the #MeToo movement in India. Inspired by a global campaign against sexual harassment and assault, women across the spectrum opened up and shared their stories about abuse by men in positions of power. And it began in October with actress Tanushree Dutta accusing actor Nana Patekar of sexual harassment while shooting for the 2008 film ‘Horn Ok Please’.
What followed was a series of posts by other women who shared their experiences with the world. From actors, film directors to advertising top guns, artists and writers and politicians, women professionals called out obnoxious behaviour at the workplace. From unwanted attention in the office to sexual innuendos on the film set, there were many kinds of allegations that surfaced.
While some of these are still struggling in the industry amidst the allegations, some succeeded in getting a clean chit from authorities. Recently, rumours surfaced that Patekar has been given a clean chit. However, the ‘Aashiq Banaya Aapne’ actress quashed the rumours. However, director Vikas Bahl, who was one of the prime accusees, has been set free from all charges against him. The internal complaints committee of Reliance Entertainment, today, set the ‘Queen’ director free, who was accused by an employee of Phantom films under the #MeToo movement.
• Nana Patekar, Tanushree Dutta
• Vinta Nanda, Alok Nath, Sandhya Mridul
• Vikas Bahl, Vikramaditya Motwane,Anurag Kashyap, Kangana Ranaut.
• Sajid Khan, Saloni Chopra, Priyanka Bose, Mandana Karimi.
• Luv Ranjan, Umesh Ghadge
• Varun Grover, Sham Kaushal, Piyush Mishra.
• Mukesh Chhabra, Vicky Sadana.
• Utsav Chakroborty, Tanmay Bhat, Gursimran Khamba.
• Aditi Mittal, Kaneez Surka.
• Anu Malik, Sona Mohapatra, Kailash Kher.
• Vairamuthu, Chinmayi Sripaada.
• Chetan Bhagat, Ira Trivedi.
Impact of the movement: #metoo
#MeToo was never just about getting men fired.
When activist Tarana Burke started the Me Too campaign more than 10 years ago, her goal was “to spread a message for survivors: You’re heard, you’re understood.” When actress Alyssa Milanohelped kick off the current phase of the movement two years ago, she wanted to “give people a sense of the magnitude of the problem.”
As they made clear, #MeToo has always been about raising awareness of the prevalence and pernicious impact of sexual violence. It’s also about creating change: As Ai-jen Poo, executive director of the National Domestic Workers Alliance, told Vox last year, “#MeToo is a movement of survivors and their supporters, powered by courage, determined to end sexual violence and harassment.”
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But at this point, two years after a New York Times exposé on allegations against producer Harvey Weinstein helped make #MeToo a topic of conversation across America, what has really changed? As a journalist covering the issue, it’s a question I hear more often than almost any other: Survivors have shared their stories, some powerful men have lost their jobs, but at a broader social level is anything really different?
To help answer that question, I looked at some of the changes that have taken place as a result of #MeToo, from state laws to monetary compensation for survivors. The efforts and reforms listed below show that while sexual harassment, assault, and misconduct remain systemic problems, the #MeToo movement has helped motivate Americans to solve them.
Actions taken from the outbreak of #metoo all over the world:-
»States are banning nondisclosure agreements that cover sexual harassment.
»States are also introducing protections for more workers
»The Time’s Up Legal Defense Fund has helped over 3,600 people seek justice
»The movement to end the tipped minimum wage is gaining steam
»Congress has reformed some of its process for staffers reporting sexual harassment
»Some survivors are getting financial restitution
»Americans have changed how they think about power
The movement has since resulted in major social consequences for several of those accused, such as firing or resignation from their jobs, condemnation and disassociation from members of their respective industries, and indignation against their actions from their fans and/or the public at large.
Awareness and empathy. Analyses of themovement often point to the prevalence of sexual violence, which has been estimated by the World Health Organization to affect one-third of all women worldwide. Read more in #metoo.Wikipedia